May 4, 2013
As wildfires continue to wreak havoc in California, Save the Children is releasing the following two-part guidance to protect those who are the most vulnerable. Follow this combination of tips, created by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention and our own disaster preparedness experts, to help expectant mothers and families with young children stay safe and protected during the wildfires or any fire emergency.
Tips for expectant mothers and parents with young children facing evacuation
- Be prepared to evacuate quickly and have important items (such as copies of medical records and medications) ready to go— you may not have much time.
- When checking into a shelter or temporary housing, alert the staff if you are pregnant or think you might be pregnant.
- If pregnant, seek prenatal care even if it is not with your usual provider.
- Make sure health care providers at the shelter know about any special needs or health problems that you or your child have, or any medicines you might be taking (both over the counter and prescription.)
- If you don't have your infant's medicine with you, ask health care providers at the shelter for assistance in getting it.
- Make sure your baby gets plenty of breast milk or formula, and you drink enough water.
- Pregnant women and children should stay indoors, if possible, to avoid breathing smoke or fumes. Rest often and stay inside if possible.
- If you’re pregnant, rest often and get plenty of water.
(Guidelines derived from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. To see the complete guidance–Wildfires: Information for Pregnant Women and Parents of Young Infants–please visit http://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/Emergency/WildFires.htm)
For more information on how to keep you and your children safe during a wildfire, visit the website of the Center for Disease and Control Prevention.
General fire safety tips for families
Save the Children wishes to remind parents, teachers, and caregivers about the importance of child fire safety. About 80 percent of all fire-related deaths and injuries occur in the home, and young children are at a particularly high risk. They may not understand the danger or may not be able to escape. Children under the age of 5 account for almost half of all home fire victims. Children in the poorest homes face the greatest risk of death. Every family member should know exactly what to do in case of a fire emergency. Precious seconds can be lost when someone can’t find a way out in the dark or does not know how to release a window lock. Having a family fire safety plan and practicing it will save lives.
Here are some tips for keeping families safe. For further guidance specific to your community, contact your local fire department.
- Talk to children about fire safety. Children accidentally set many of the fires that harm them. Teach children not to play with matches and lighters. If they see matches or lighters within reach, teach them not to touch but go tell a grown up right away.
- Teach children the DON'T HIDE, GO OUTSIDE rule in the event of a fire. Fires are scary, but they should NEVER hide in closets or under beds when there is a fire.
- To escape during a fire, teach children to FALL & CRAWL. It is easier to breath in a fire if you stay low while getting out. Use the back of your hand to test if a door is hot before you open it. If it is hot, try to use another way out.
- Practice STOP, DROP and ROLL: If clothes catch on fire, don’t run. Stop where you are, drop to the ground and roll your body back and forth until the fire is out. Running makes the fire burn faster.
- Teach children to never go back into a burning building for any reason. If someone is missing, tell a firefighter.
- Make a family fire plan and practice it. The plan should include identifying two exits from each room and marking an outside meeting place. Practice escaping by both exits to be sure windows are not stuck and screens can be quickly taken out.
- Make sure street signs and address numbers are easily visible so fire trucks and emergency responders can find where they need to be.
- Teach children what a fire alarm sounds like and make sure that it will effectively wake them in the middle of the night.
- Ensure smoke detectors are installed on every floor and in the sleeping areas of your home, and that batteries are changed twice per year. Carbon Monoxide detectors are also recommended. Test these alarms to make sure they can effectively wake family members.
- If there are security bars or locks on doors, make sure all family members know how to release them. All family members should be able to escape from the second floor.
- Know your local emergency number. Put stickers and magnets with emergency numbers on your refrigerator and every telephone in the house.
Parents should also take steps to learn about their child’s school or child care fire safety plan, as part of an overall emergency plan. They should also ensure that any family friends have evacuation plans in case a child spends the night elsewhere.